CONTENTS

PREFACE

1:
THE ORIGIN OF IDEAS, MYTHS AND MISINFORMATION ABOUT FOOD
Food availability
Exploitation
Efforts to explain food preparation and its effects on people
Health
Logical errors

2:
NUTRITION FOR THE FAMILY
When should we eat?
We eat too much
We need not worry about nutrition if we have a balanced diet
We should choose food according to food groups
Breakfast is the most important meal of the day
Protein-supplemented foods are better for you
Extra salt is needed during hot weather
Fast food is junk food
Chocolate gives you pimples
Chocolate causes migraine
Pregnant women must eat for two
Athletic performance can be improved by eating special foods
Vegetarian diets are often nutritionally inadequate
Vegetarians are often anaemic
Fish is brain food
Honey is better for you than sugar
Sugars are necessary in our diet
Sugar or glucose consumed just before a sporting event will provide quick energy
Brown eggs are more nutritious than white eggs
Fruit and vegetables have no cholesterol
White bread is not nutritious
Stone-ground bread is better than wholemeal bread
Carrots help you see better in the dark
Unpasteurised milk is healthier
Goats' milk is better than cows' milk
Yoghurt increases longevity
Butter is better than margarine
Beans cause wind
Ginger prevents travel sickness
Garlic is good for you
White-flecked fingernails indicate a calcium deficiency
Sea salt is better than ordinary salt

3:
FOOD, SICKNESS AND DISEASE
WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT FOOD AND CANCER
Cancer should be treated by special diets and not just drugs
Some foods prevent cancer and others cause cancer
Bacon can cause cancer
Artificial sweeteners cause cancer
Peanuts can cause cancer
Smoked and burnt foods can cause cancer
WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT FATS AND OILS IN FOOD
WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT CHOLESTEROL
Eating eggs will raise your cholesterol level
Some foods protect against heart disease
Obesity increases the risk of developing high blood pressure and heart disease
WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT DIETARY FIBRE
Dietary fibre keeps you regular
WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT FOOD ALLERGY
Food allergy is common
Foods high in sugar cause diabetes
Foods high in sugar cause heart disease
Sugar causes behavioural problems
Sugars cause tooth decay
A hot lemon and honey drink is good for colds
Eating yeast will make you healthy
Gout is caused by heavy drinking
Milk produces mucous
Arthritis can be affected by diet
Copper has a beneficial effect on arthritis
Some trace elements are essential but can also be hazardous
It is safe to make tea or coffee using water from the hot tap
Herbal teas are good for you
Green potatoes are poisonous
Discarding the spoiled or mouldy part of food makes it safe

4:
ON BEING OVERWEIGHT
WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT DIETS
Mineral water is not fattening
Eating meat with less visible fat will assist in reducing weight
Crash diets are usually deficient in some nutrients
Liquid diets are most effective for weight reduction
Periods affect appetite and weight
There is too much fat in a Western-style diet
Some diet aids allow you to eat all you want and still lose weight
Kelp is a useful aid for weight reduction
High-protein diets are useful for weight reduction
Muscles will turn to fat if they are not used continually
When you stop smoking you gain weight
I am not fat, just big-boned
Only eating fat makes you fat
Drinking with meals makes you fat
Being very fat is unhealthy
Sugars are fattening
Raw sugar is less fattening than white sugar
Fat-soluble vitamins have more kilojoules than water-soluble vitamins
Potatoes are fattening
Bread is fattening
Toast is more fattening than bread
Bananas are fattening
The first nutrient to cut back on when trying to lose weight is fat
Kilojoules are more fattening than kilocalories

5:
VITAMINS AND MINERALS
WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT VITAMINS
Vitamin deficiencies in our diet will affect our health within a few days
Many common mental disorders are caused by vitamin deficiencies
Women taking oral contraceptives need vitamin supplements
Heavy drinkers need vitamin supplements
Women need more iron than men
Women need more calcium than men
With today's lifestyle we cannot get all the vitamins and minerals we need from food
If you feel tired and run-down you probably need more vitamins and minerals
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) helps prevent colds
Large doses of vitamin C can cause diarrhoea
Large doses of vitamin A can cure cancer
Vitamin E can prevent ageing
Vitamin E can improve fertility and virility
Vitamin E can prevent heart attacks
Natural vitamins are better than synthetic ones
Bioflavonoids and para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) are essential in our diet for good health
The minerals in our hair reflect our nutritional status

6:
PROCESSED FOOD, ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS
Natural foods do not contain chemicals
WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT THE SAFETY OF FOOD ADDITIVES
Are food additives safe!
Food additives cause cancer
WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT NUTRIENTS AND FOOD PROCESSING
All processed foods contain food additives
All processed foods contain preservatives
Artificial colourings can cause behavioural problems in children
Caffeine can be harmful
Organically grown food is more nutritious than chemically fertilised food
Frozen vegetables are less nutritious than fresh vegetables
WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT PESTICIDE RESIDUES IN FOOD
Pesticide, antibiotic and hormone residues in food are harmful
WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT THE SAFETY OF FOOD IRRADIATION
Irradiated food is radioactive
Waxed fruit and vegetables are safe to eat
What happens after the use-by-date has parsed!
Aluminium cooking utensils are safe
The way vegetables are cooked affects their nutrient content
Sulphur-free dried fruits are healthier

7:
FAD NUTRITION
Is vitamin B-15 (pangamic acid) a real vitamin!
Eating enzymes cures cancer
Lecithen is a special health food
Oysters can turn you on
Apricot kernels can cure cancer
Ginseng is healthful
Fasting cleans out your system
Cider vinegar aids weight loss
Raw foods are more nutritious
Tryptophan supplements may be dangerous

APPENDICES

  1. Height and weight tables
  2. Recommended daily nutrient intakes
  3. Food additive code
  4. Food grouped by biological source

FURTHER READING

Books by Mark Wahlqvist and David Briggs
Other books
Sources
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