Appendix A
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APPENDIX A

IDENTIFICATION OF FOOD ADDITIVES


In general, when food additives are used in food their presence must be declared in the ingredient list on the label. Most additives approved for food use have been assigned a code number and they can be identified on labels either by this number or by their prescribed name.

If you want to identify the food additive corresponding to a particular code number on a label, then use Table 1. The code numbers are arranged numerically. Locate the code number in the left-hand column of the table, and then read across to find the name of the approved food additive.

If you want to find out which foods contain a particular food additive, then use Table 2. The prescribed names of approved food additives are arranged alphabetically. Locate the prescribed name of the additive in the left-hand column of the table, and then read across to find the corresponding code number. The additive can be identified on most food labels by this number.

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TABLE 1: Code numbers associated with prescribed additive names

CODE NUMBER
for approved food additives
PRESCRIBED NAME
100 Curcumin
101 Riboflavin
102 Tartrazine
107 Yellow 26
110 Sunset yellow FCF
120 Carmines
122 Azorubine
123 Amaranth
124 Ponceau 4R
127 Erythrosine
132 Indigotine
133 Brilliant blue FCF
140 Chlorophylls
142 Green S
150 Caramel
151 Brilliant black BN
153 Carbon black
155 Brown HT
160 Beta-apo-8'-carotenoic acid ethyl ester
160 Carotenes
160 (a) Beta carotene
160(b) Annatto (bixin, norbixin)
160(e) Beta-apo-8'-carotenal
160 (f) Beta-apo-8' -carotenoic acid ethyl ester
161(g) Xanthophylls
161 Canthaxanthin
162 Beet red
163 Anthocyanins
170 Calcium carbonate
171 Titanium dioxide
172 Iron oxides
200 Sorbic acid
201 Sodium sorbate
202 Potassium sorbate
203 Calcium sorbate
210 Benzoic acid
211 Sodium benzoate
212 Potassium benzoate
213 Calcium benzoate
220 Sulphur dioxide
221 Sodium sulphite
222 Sodium bisulphite
223 Sodium metabisulphite
224 Potassium metabisulphite
234 Nisin
249 Potassium nitrite
250 Sodium nitrite
251 Sodium nitrate
252 Potassium nitrate
260 Acetic acid
261 Potassium acetate
262 Sodium acetate
262 Sodium diacetate
263 Calcium acetate
270 Lactic acid
280 Propionic acid
281 Sodium propionate
282 Calcium propionate
283 Potassium propionate
290 Carbon dioxide
296 Malic acid
297 Fumaric acid
300 Ascorbic acid
301 Sodium ascorbate
306 Tocopherols
307 dl-a-Tocopherol
310 Propyl gallate
311 Octyl gallate
312 Dodecyl gallate
320 Butylated hydroxyanisole
321 Butylated hydroxytoluene
322 Lecithins
325 Sodium lactate
326 Potassium lactate
327 Calcium lactate
330 Citric acid
331 Sodium citrate
332 Potassium citrate
333 Calcium citrate
334 Tartaric acid
335 Sodium tartrate
336 Potassium bitartrate
336 Potassium tartrate
337 Potassium sodium tartrate
338 Phosphoric acid
339 Sodium phosphate
340 Potassium phosphate
341 Calcium phosphate
343 Magnesium phosphate
350 Sodium malate
351 Potassium malate
352 Calcium malate
353 Metatartaric acid
354 Calcium tartrate
355 Adipic acid
375 Niacin
380 Ammonium citrate
400 Alginic acid
401 Sodium alginate
402 Potassium alginate
403 Ammonium alginate
404 Calcium alginate
405 Propylene glycol alginate
406 Agar agar
407 Carrageenan
410 Locust bean gum
412 Guar gum
413 Tragacanth
414 Acacia gum
415 Xanthan gum
416 Karaya gum
420 Sorbitol
421 Mannitol
422 Glycerol
433 Polysorbate 80
435 Polysorbate 60
436 Polysorbate 65
440(a) Pectin
442 Ammonium phosphatides
450 Potassium polyphosphate
450 Sodium polyphosphate
460 Cellulose
461 Methylcellulose
464 Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose
465 Ethylmethylcellulose
466 Carboxymethylcellulose
471 Mono-and diglycerides of fatty acids
472(b) Glycerol lactostearate
472(e) Diacetyltartaric acid esters of mono-and diglycerides of fatty acids
473 Sucrose esters of fatty acids
475 Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids
476 Polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic acid
481 Sodium stearoyl lactylate
482 Calcium stearoyl lactylate
491 Sorbitan monostearate
500 Sodium carbonate
500 Sodium bicarbonate
501 Potassium carbonate
501 Potassium bicarbonate
503 Ammonium carbonate
503 Ammonium bicarbonate
504 Magnesium carbonate
508 Potassium chloride
509 Calcium chloride
510 Ammonium chloride
511 Magnesium chloride
514 Sodium sulphate
515 Potassium sulphate
516 Calcium sulphate
529 Calcium oxide
536 Potassium ferrocyanide
541 Sodium aluminium phosphate
542 Bone phosphate
551 Silicon dioxide
552 Calcium silicate
553(b) Talc
554 Sodium alumino silicate
558 Bentonite
559 Kaolin
570 Stearic acid
572 Magnesium stearate
575 Glucono-delta-lactone
578 Calcium gluconate
620 Glutamic acid
621 Monosodium glutamate
622 Monopotassium glutamate
623 Calcium glutamate
624 Monoammonium glutamate
625 Magnesium glutamate
627 Disodium 5'-guanylate
631 Disodium 5'-inosinate
636 Maltol
637 Ethyl maltol
900 Dimethylpolysiloxane
901 Beeswax
903 Carnauba wax
904 Shellac
905 Mineral oil
920 L-Cysteine
924 Potassium bromate
925 Chlorine
926 Chlorine dioxide

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TABLE 2: To determine which foods contain a particular additive.

APPROVED FOOD ADDITIVES CODE NUMBERS
Acacia gum 414
Acetic acid 260
Acetylated distarch adipate -
Acetylated distarch phosphate -
Adipic acid 355
Agar 406
Alginic acid 400
Alkanet -
Alkannin -
Allura red -
Amaranth 123
Ammonium acetate -
Ammonium alginate 403
Ammonium bicarbonate 503
Ammonium carbonate 503
Ammonium chloride 510
Ammonium citrate -
Ammonium fumarate -
Ammonium lactate -
Ammonium malate -
Ammonium phosphatides 442
Ammonium tartrate -
Annatto 160(b)
Anthocyanins 163
Ascorbic acid 300
Aspartame -
Azorubine 122
Beeswax 901
Beet red 162
Bentonite 558
Benzoic acid 210
Benzoyl peroxide -
Beta-apo-8'-carotenoic acid -
Beta carotene 160(a)
Betanin 162(b)
Bixin 160
Bleached starches -
Bane phosphate 542
Brilliant black BN 151
Brilliant blue FCF 133
Bromelain -
Brown HT 155
Butane -
Butylated hydroxyanisole 320
Butylated hydroxytoluene 321
Calcium -
Calcium acetate 263
Calcium alginate 404
Calcium benzoate 213
Calcium carbonate 170
Calcium chloride 509
Calcium citrate 333
Calcium cyclamate -
Calcium cyclohexylsulphamate -
Calcium diglutamate 623
Calcium fumarate -
Calcium gluconate 578
Calcium hydroxy-phosphate -
Calcium lactate 327
Calcium malate 352
Calcium oxide 529
Calcium phosphate 341
Calcium propionate 282
Calcium silicate 552
Calcium sodium aluminosilicate -
Calcium sorbate 203
Calcium stearate -
Calcium stearoyl lactylate 482
Calcium sulphate 516
Calcium tartrate 354
Canthaxanthin 161(g)
Caramel 150
Carbon blacks 153
Carbon dioxide 290
Carboxymethylcellulose 466
Carmines 120
Carnauba wax 903
Carotenes 160
Carrageenan 407
Cellulose 460
Chlorine 925
Chlorine dioxide 926
Chlorophyll 140
Citric acid 330
Crocetin -
Crocin -
Curcumin 100
Cyanocobalamin -
Cyclamate -
Cyclamic acid see Cyclamate
Cysteine (L-) 920
Diacetyl tartaric acid ester of mono-and diglycerides 472(e)
Diglycerides of fat-forming fatty acids 471
Dimethylpolysiloxane 900
Dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate -
Disodium 5'-guanylate 627
Disodium 5'-inosinate 631
Distarch phosphate -
Dodecyl gallate 312
Edible bone phosphate 542
Erythorbic acid -
Erythrosine 127
Ethyl beta-apo-8'-carotenoate 160(f)
Ethyl citrate -
Ethyl maltol 637
Ficin -
Fumaric acid 297
Gelatine -
Gentian -
Glucono-delta-lactone 575
Glutamic acid 620
Glycerol 422
Glyceryl lactostearate 472(b)
Glyceryl monostearate 471
Green S 142
Guar gum 412
Hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose 464
Indigotine 132
Iodine -
Iron -
Iron oxide 172
Isoascorbic acid see Erythorbic acid
Isobutane -
Kaolin 559
Karay gum 416
Lactic acid 270
Larch gum -
Lecithins 322
Locust bean gum 410
Magnesium carbonate 504
Magnesium chloride 511
Magnesium diglutamate 625
Magnesium phosphate 343
Magnesium stearate 572
Malic acid 296
Maltol 636
Mannitol 421
Metatartartic acid 353
Methyl beta-apo8'-carotenoate 160
Methylcellulose 461
Methylethylcellulose 465
Microcrystalline cellulose 460
Mineral oil 905
Monoglycerides of fat-forming fatty acids 471
Monoammonium glutamate 624
Monopotassium glutamate 622
Monosodium glutamate 621
Monostarch phosphate -
Niacin 375
Nisin 234
Nitrogen -
Nitrous oxide -
Norbixin 160
Octafluorocyclobutane -
Octyl gallate 311
Oxidised starches -
Ozone -
Papain -
Paraffin 905
Pectin 440(a)
Phosphated distarch phosphate -
Phospholipids see Lecithins
Phosphoric acid 338
Phosphorus -
Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids 475
Polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic acid 476
Polysorbate 60 435
Polysorbate 65 436
Polysorbate 80 433
Ponceau 4R 124
Potassium acetate 261
Potassium alginate 402
Potassium benzoate 212
Sodium bicarbonate 500
Sodium bicitrate 331
Sodium bimalate 350
Sodium bisulphite 222
Sodium bitartrate 335
Sodium bromate -
Sodium carbonate 500
Sodium carboxymethylcellulose -
Sodium caseinate -
Sodium chloride -
Sodium citrate 331
Sodium cyclamate -
Sodium diacetate 262
Sodium erythorbate -
Sodium fumarate -
Sodium iodate -
Sodium iodide -
Sodium isoascorbate see Sodium erythorbate
Sodium lactate 325
Sodium malate 350
Sodium metabisulphite 223
Sodium metaphosphate 450
Sodium nitrate 251
Sodium nitrite 250
Sodium phosphate 339
Sodium polyphosphate 450
Sodium propionate 281
Sodium pyrophosphates 450
Sodium silico aluminate see Sodium alumino silicate
Sodium sorbate 201
Sodium stearoyl lactylate 481
Sodium sulphate 514
Sodium sulphite 221
Sodium tartrate 335
Sorbic acid 200
Sorbitan monostearate 491
Sorbitol 420
Starch -
Starch acetate -
Stearic acid 570
Sucrose acetate isobutyrate -
Sucrose esters of fatty acids 473
Sulphur dioxide 220
Sunset yellow FCF 110
Talc 553(b)
Tannic acid -
Tartaric acid 334
Potassium bicarbonate 501
Potassium bicitrate 332
Potassium bitartrate 336
Potassium bromate 924
Potassium carbonate 501
Potassium chloride 508
Potassium citrate 332
Potassium ferrocyanide 536
Potassium fumarate -
Potassium iodate -
Potassium iodide -
Potassium lactate 326
Potassium malate 351
Potassium metabisulphite 224
Potassium metaphosphate 450
Potassium nitrate 252
Potassium nitrite 249
Potassium phosphate 340
Potassium polyphosphate 450
Potassium propionate 283
Potassium pyrophosphate 450
Potassium sodium tartrate 337
Potassium sorbate 202
Potassium sulphate 515
Potassium sulphite -
Potassium tartrate 336
Propane -
Propionic acid 280
Propyl gallate 310
Propylene glycol -
Propylene glycol alginate 405
Propylene glycol stearate -
Quinine -
Riboflavin 101
Saccharin -
Saffron -
Salt see Sodium chloride
Shellac 904
Silicon dioxide 551
Sodium acetate 262
Sodium alginate 401
Sodium aluminium phosphate 541
Sodium alumino silicate 554
Sodium ascorbate 301
Sodium benzoate 211
Tartrazine 102
Tertiary butylhydroquinone -
Thiamine see Vitamin B-1
Titanium dioxide 171
Tocopherols 306
Tragacanth gum 413
Triacetin -
Triammonium citrate 380
Triethanolamine -
Triethyl citrate -
Turmeric -
Vitamin A -
Vitamin B-1 -
Vitamin B-2 -
Vitamin B-12 -
Vitamin C -
Vitamin D -
Xanthan gum -
Xanthophylls 161
Yellow 2G 107
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