Introduction  
  What is food?  
  What happens to the food we eat?  
Our nutrient needs  
  Energy balance  
  Nutritional status  
  Laws & labels
  Additives & colours  
  Toxicity in food  
  Processing food  
  Stability of food nutrients  
  Storage life of foods  
  Food- associated health problems  

- Food Law -

Nutrition labelling

Nutrition labelling is generally only required when nutrients are added to a food or a nutritional claim is made. However, many food manufacturers voluntarily include this information an their products.

Nutrition information on the label must conform to a prescribed format. This makes comparison between foods much easier. Information about the serving size, the number of serves per container, the kilojoules (calories), protein, fat, carbohydrate (including sugars), sodium and potassium must also be included on the label. Other nutrients can also be included on the label.

A food with nutrition information on its label may not necessarily be better than one without this information. Use the nutrient charts in this book to make comparisons between foods.

For foods that have been supplemented or fortified with vitamins and minerals, the label must include the amount of the nutrient that is present and also the proportion of the daily allowance that a stated amount of food contains. For example, in some breakfast cereals there is 0.55 milligram of vitamin B-1 in 60 grams of the cereal. This represents 50 per cent of the daily allowance. Packaged orange juice must contain at least 80 milligrams of vitamin C per 200 millilitres, which is more than 200 per cent or twice the recommended daily intake for adult men and women in Australia.

See also:

Labelling and the law

Ingredient labelling

Date-marking of food

What do the different forms of date-marking mean?

Food Facts
- Food Law
- Labelling and the law
- Ingredent labelling
Nutrition labelling
- Date-marking of food
- What do the different forms of date-marking mean?
- Special purpose foods
Figures:
22: Infomation on a food label
23: Low-joule foods (low energy)
24: Carbohydrate- modified foods
25: Foods containing no added sugar
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