Using the food charts  
  Important basics  
  Fat-soluble vitamins  
Water-soluble vitamins  
  Elements
  Others  

- Elements -

39: SELENIUM

Selenium is an element that forms part of an important body enzyme (substances essential for body metabolism), which has an antioxidant action in preventing, for example, breakdown of fats (lipids) to substances that can be damaging to the body. The enzyme probably takes care of what other antioxidantsFind out more about this term like vitamin E have failed to do because they were not present in sufficient amounts.

Selenium deficiency has been observed in patients receiving all their nutrition via the veins (parenteral nutrition), but with selenium-poor solutions.'Keshan disease', a disease of heart muscle affecting children, is a selenium-deficiency disease seen in a selenium poor area of North-Eastern China.

SELENIUM INTAKE

Recommended daily dietary intake of selenium (Australia):
Infants:

Children:

Adult men:

Adult women:

Pregnancy:

Lactation:

10-15 micrograms

25-85 micrograms

85 micrograms

70 micrograms

80 micrograms

85 micrograms

 

FIGURE 56: SELENIUM CONTENT OF SOME FOODS

  FOOD   SELENIUM CONTENT
  (micrograms per 100 grams of food)
Seafood
Organ meats
Muscle meats
Cereals
Dairy products
Fruits
Vegetables
Brown sugar
White sugar

100
20
20
20
6
1
1
1
0.3

 

Elements
- Sodium
- Potassium
- Calcium
- Magnesium
- Iron
- Phosporus
- Sulphur
- Chlorine
- Copper
- Zinc
- Iodine
- Fluorine
- Chromium
- Manganese
Selenium
- Cobalt
- Molybdenum
- Nickel
- Tin
- Silicon
- Vanadium
- Cadmium

Also on this page:

-  Selenium intake
-  Figure 56: Selenium
   content of some food

 

 

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