Using the food charts  
  Important basics  
  Fat-soluble vitamins  
Water-soluble vitamins  
  Elements
  Others  

- Elements -

37: CHROMIUM

Chromium is considered to be an essential element for humans. Those without it in their diets, such as hospital patients on artificial feeds, develop a diabetes-like condition, with high blood sugar (glucose) levels. The availability of chromium to the body may depend on the form in which it is present in food. For example, it is found in a form in association with other compounds in Brewer's Yeast and known as 'Glucose Tolerance Factor (GTF)'. Elderly people may be an at-risk group from chromium deficiency.

Relatively few foods have been analysed for chromium.

CHROMIUM INTAKE

Safe and adequate chromium intake (U.S.A.):
Infants:

Children:


Adults:

0.01-0.06 milligram

1-3 years: 0.02-0.08 milligram
4-6 years: 0.03-0.12 milligram
7+ years: 0.05-0.2 milligram

0.05-0.2 milligram

 


FIGURE 54: CHROMIUM CONTENT OF SOME FOODS

  FOOD   CHROMIUM CONTENT FOOD
  (micrograms per 100 grams of food)

Egg yolk
Brewer's yeast
Beef
Cheese
Liver
Wine
Bread, wholemeal, wheat
Black pepper
Rye bread
Chilli, fresh
Apple peel
Potatoes, old
Oysters
Potatoes, new
Margarine
Spaghetti
Cornflakes
Spirits
Butter
Spinach
Egg white
Oranges
Beer
Apples, peeled

183
112
57
56
55
45
42
35
30
30
27
27
26
21
18
15
14
14
13
10
8
5
3-30
1

 
Elements
- Sodium
- Potassium
- Calcium
- Magnesium
- Iron
- Phosporus
- Sulphur
- Chlorine
- Copper
- Zinc
- Iodine
- Fluorine
Chromium
- Manganese
- Selenium
- Cobalt
- Molybdenum
- Nickel
- Tin
- Silicon
- Vanadium
- Cadmium


Also on this page:

-  Chromium intake
-  Figure 54: Chromium
   content of some food

 

 

top