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- Elements -

26: POTASSIUM

Potassium, like sodium, is essential for normal body function. Potassium is necessary for muscle function, the transmission of nerve impulses and for carbohydrate and protein metabolism.

It is unlikely that we would have a dietary deficiency of potassium as it is present in a large number of foods. Deficiency can occur when there are large losses resulting from excessive urination or from prolonged vomiting and diarrhoea.

Although sodium is an important dietary factor in high blood pressure for some people, variations in the ratio of sodium and potassium will also affect blood pressure under certain circumstances. An increase in potassium intake appears to partly offset the adverse effect of sodium on blood pressure. If you are prone to high blood pressure it would be beneficial to decrease sodium intake and increase your dietary intake of potassium, by eating more foods that have low amounts of sodium and significant amounts of potassium, such as fruits and vegetables.

The use of potassium salts as substitutes for common salt (sodium chloride) is potentially dangerous, and overuse can be fatal. Excessive potassium intake can cause heart irregularities and can cause the heart to stop beating (cardiac arrest). Potassium supplements and bulk substitutes should not be used without medical advice. High potassium intake can be particularly dangerous for children.

POTASSIUM INTAKE

Recommended daily dietary intake of potassium (Australia):
Infants:

Children:

Adults:

10-35 millimoles

25-140 millimoles

50-140 millimoles

0.4-1.4 grams

1.0-5.5 grams

2.0-5.5 grams


Elements
- Sodium
Potassium
- Calcium
- Magnesium
- Iron
- Phosporus
- Sulphur
- Chlorine
- Copper
- Zinc
- Iodine
- Fluorine
- Chromium
- Manganese
- Selenium
- Cobalt
- Molybdenum
- Nickel
- Tin
- Silicon
- Vanadium
- Cadmium


Also on this page:

-  Potassium intake
-  Potassium RDI
-  Food charts

 

 

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POTASSIUM Food Charts:

 

POTASSIUM:
beverages

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BEVERAGES

Potassium milligrams per 100 grams

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Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

POTASSIUM:
cereals/cakes

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CEREALS, BISCUITS, CAKES, DESERTS

Potassium milligrams per 100 grams

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Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

 

POTASSIUM:
cereals/cakes

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Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

POTASSIUM:
egg & cheese
dishes

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EGG AND CHEESE DISHES

Potassium milligrams per 100 grams

 

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POTASSIUM:
fats/oils

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FATS AND OILS

Potassium milligrams per 100 grams

 

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POTASSIUM:
fish/seafood

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FISH AND OTHER SEAFOODS

Potassium milligrams per 100 grams

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Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

POTASSIUM:
fruit

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FRUIT

Potassium milligrams per 100 grams

fruit%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

 

 

 

POTASSIUM:
fruit

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fruit%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

POTASSIUM:
meats

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MEAT AND MEAT PRODUCTS

Potassium milligrams per 100 grams

meat%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

 

 

POTASSIUM:
meats

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  bottom

meat%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

POTASSIUM:
milk products

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MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS

Potassium milligrams per 100 grams

 

milk-cheese%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

POTASSIUM:
nuts

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NUTS

Potassium milligrams per 100 grams

nuts%20icon
 

POTASSIUM:
sauces

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SAUCES AND CONDIMENTS

Potassium milligrams per 100 grams

sauces%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

POTASSIUM:
soups

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SOUPS (as served)

Potassium milligrams per 100 grams

 

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POTASSIUM:
sugars

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SUGARS, JAMS AND SPREADS

Potassium milligrams per 100 grams

 

sugars%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

POTASSIUM:
sweets

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SWEETS

Potassium milligrams per 100 grams

 

 

 

POTASSIUM:
vegetables

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VEGETABLES

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VEGETABLES

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fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
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fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

 

 

 

Potassium milligrams per 100 grams

POTASSIUM:
vegetables

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  bottom

vegetables%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,caa href="#top">top

  bottom

sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

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