Using the food charts  
  Important basics  
  Fat-soluble vitamins  
Water-soluble vitamins
  Elements  
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- Water-Soluble Vitamins -

23: BIOTIN

Biotin deficiency was first recognized not because of inadequate amounts in the diet but because of the effects of a chemical called avidin, which is found in raw eggs. Avidin binds and inactivates biotin. Biotin can be made by gut bacteria and absorbed from the large bowel, so that not all biotin needs to be obtained from food. Theoretically, antibiotics that affect gut bacteria could reduce the amount of biotin available.

Biotin is water soluble, sensitive to air and oxygen and also to alkaline conditions.

The vitamin acts as part of enzyme (natural substances that speed up chemical reactions in the body) systems involved in building up chemicals containing carbon and oxygen, such as fats and glucose.

Infants may be at risk from biotin deficiency, which shows up as a 'seborrhoeic dermatitis' that responds to biotin. Also, some infants have a metabolic disorder requiring extra biotin. There has been some suggestion that 'cot deaths' or the sudden infant death syndrome may be due, in some cases, to an inadequate intake of biotin.

The biotin in human milk averages about 10 micrograms per 1000 kilocalories (4200 kilojoules) and in infant formulae is usually at least 15 micrograms per 1000 kilocalories. However, a higher concentration of biotin may be preferable for infant formulae because nutrients can be more biologically available to the infant from human milk than from infant formulae.

 

BIOTIN INTAKE

Safe and adequate daily intake of biotin (U.S.A.):
Infants:

Children:

Adolescents:

Adults:

35-50 micrograms

65-120 micrograms

100-200 micrograms

100-200 micrograms


Water-Soluble
Vitamins
- Vitamin B-1
(thiamin)
- Vitamin B-2
(riboflavin)
- Niacin
- Vitamin B-6
- Vitamin B-12
(cyano-cobalamin)
- Folacin
- Pantothenic acid
Biotin
- Vitamin C

Also on this page:

-  Biotin intake
-  Biotin RDI
-  Food charts

 

 

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BIOTIN  Food Charts:

 

BIOTIN:
beverages

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BEVERAGES

Biotin micrograms per 100 grams

beverages%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

BIOTIN:
cereals/cakes

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CEREALS, BISCUITS, CAKES, DESERTS

Biotin micrograms per 100 grams

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Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

 

BIOTIN:
cereals/cakes

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Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

BIOTIN:
egg & cheese
dishes

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EGG AND CHEESE DISHES

Biotin micrograms per 100 grams

 

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BIOTIN:
fats/oils

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FATS AND OILS

Biotin micrograms per 100 grams

 

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BIOTIN:
fish/seafood

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FISH AND OTHER SEAFOODS

Biotin micrograms per 100 grams

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Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

BIOTIN:
fruit

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FRUIT

Biotin micrograms per 100 grams

fruit%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

 

 

 

BIOTIN:
fruit

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fruit%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

BIOTIN:
meats

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MEAT AND MEAT PRODUCTS

Biotin micrograms per 100 grams

meat%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

 

 

BIOTIN:
meats

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meat%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

BIOTIN:
milk products

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MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS

Biotin micrograms per 100 grams

 

milk-cheese%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

BIOTIN:
nuts

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NUTS

Biotin micrograms per 100 grams

nuts%20icon
 

BIOTIN:
sauces

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SAUCES AND CONDIMENTS

Biotin micrograms per 100 grams

sauces%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

BIOTIN:
soups

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SOUPS (as served)

Biotin micrograms per 100 grams

 

soups%20icon
 

BIOTIN:
sugars

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SUGARS, JAMS AND SPREADS

Biotin micrograms per 100 grams

 

sugars%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

BIOTIN:
sweets

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SWEETS

Biotin micrograms per 100 grams

 

 

 

BIOTIN:
vegetables

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VEGETABLES

Biotin micrograms per 100 grams

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

 

 

 

BIOTIN:
vegetables

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vegetables%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

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