Using the food charts  
  Important basics  
  Fat-soluble vitamins  
Water-soluble vitamins
  Elements  
  Others  

- Water-Soluble Vitamins -

16: VITAMIN B-1
(thiamin)

Whether there is a thiamin deficiency or not can depend not only on the amount of thiamin ingested, but on the presence of thiamin antagonists in food.

The 'acute thiamin deficiency' scene from Tristan & Isolde
For example, an enzyme (a natural substance that speeds up a chemical reaction), called thiaminase, occurring in raw fish can break down thiamin, and cause beri-beri in some people. One of the most significant losses of thiamin from food occurs in the milling of cereals. But thiamin is also water soluble and can be lost in cooking water. It can also be destroyed on heating and is sensitive to air or oxygen and also to alkaline conditions. In addition, alcohol can reduce the availability of thiamin to the body. For these various reasons, in both developing and developed countries, thiamin deficiency can be a problem.

Thiamin is involved in the action of certain enzymes in the body, especially one that enables carbohydrate to be used as energy. Thus, with thiamin deficiency, a number of important body functions can be disturbed. They include brain function, nerve function (especially of the legs), and heart function; these three impairments are called Wernicke-Korsakoffs psychosis', dry beri-beri and wet beri-beri, respectively.

VITAMIN B1 INTAKE

The requirement for thiamin relates to the amount of energy, especially carbohydrate, consumed.

Recommended daily dietary intake of thiamin (Australia):
Infants:

Children:

Adult men:


Adult women:

Pregnancy:

Lactation:

0.2-0.4 milligram

0.5-1.2 milligrams

0.9-1.1 milligrams (dependent on energy intake, the requirements for which decline with advancing years)

0.7-0.8 milligram (dependent on energy intake, as above)

1.0 milligram

1.2 milligrams


Water-Soluble
Vitamins
Vitamin B-1
(thiamin)
- Vitamin B-2
(riboflavin)
- Niacin
- Vitamin B-6
- Vitamin B-12
(cyano-cobalamin)
- Folacin
- Pantothenic acid
- Biotin
- Vitamin C

Also on this page:

-  Vitamin B-1 intake
-  Vitamin B-1 RDI
-  Food charts

 

 

 

 

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VITAMIN B-1  Food Charts:

 

VITAMIN B-1:
beverages

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BEVERAGES

Vitamin B-1 milligrams per 100 grams

beverages%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

VITAMIN B-1:
cereals/cakes

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CEREALS, BISCUITS, CAKES, DESERTS

Vitamin B-1 milligrams per 100 grams

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Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

 

VITAMIN B-1:
cereals/cakes

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Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

VITAMIN B-1:
egg & cheese
dishes

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EGG AND CHEESE DISHES

Vitamin B-1 milligrams per 100 grams

 

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VITAMIN B-1:
fats/oils

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FATS AND OILS

Vitamin B-1 milligrams per 100 grams

 

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VITAMIN B-1:
fish/seafood

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FISH AND OTHER SEAFOODS

Vitamin B-1 milligrams per 100 grams

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Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

VITAMIN B-1:
fruit

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FRUIT

Vitamin B-1 milligrams per 100 grams

fruit%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

 

 

 

VITAMIN B-1:
fruit

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fruit%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

VITAMIN B-1:
meats

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MEAT AND MEAT PRODUCTS

Vitamin B-1 milligrams per 100 grams

meat%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

 

 

VITAMIN B-1:
meats

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  bottom

meat%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

VITAMIN B-1:
milk products

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MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS

Vitamin B-1 milligrams per 100 grams

 

milk-cheese%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

VITAMIN B-1:
nuts

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NUTS

Vitamin B-1 milligrams per 100 grams

nuts%20icon
 

VITAMIN B-1:
sauces

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SAUCES AND CONDIMENTS

Vitamin B-1 milligrams per 100 grams

sauces%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

VITAMIN B-1:
soups

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SOUPS (as served)

Vitamin B-1 milligrams per 100 grams

 

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VITAMIN B-1:
sugars

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SUGARS, JAMS AND SPREADS

Vitamin B-1 milligrams per 100 grams

 

sugars%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

VITAMIN B-1:
sweets

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SWEETS

Vitamin B-1 milligrams per 100 grams

 

 

 

VITAMIN B-1:
vegetables

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VEGETABLES

Vitamin B-1 milligrams per 100 grams

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

 

 

 

 

VITAMIN B-1:
vegetables

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  bottom

vegetables%20icon

Food charts list:
beverages
cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
fruit
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
nuts
sauces and condiments
soups (as served)
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets
vegetables

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