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- Important Basics Food Charts -

8:   CHOLESTEROL:

There is another type of fat, called sterols. Cholesterol is the sterol found in all animal tissues; in plants, the sterols are of a different kind.

Cholesterol forms a part of all animal cell walls (membranes). It is also used to make hormones like cortisol and to make bile acids.

Unfortunately, it can also accumulate in the inner parts of arteries, leading to progressive reduction in the diameter of blood vessels and in blood flow. This in turn leads to heart attacks, anginaFind out more about this term, abnormal heart rhythms and heart failure when the vessels affected are the coronary arteries supplying the heart. Arteries supplying blood to the brain, the legs, the kidneys and the gut can also be affected.

The extent to which cholesterol accumulates in arteries depends in part on the level of cholesterol in the blood. When high, this is called hypercholesterolaemia. Not only dietary cholesterol, but also dietary saturated fat, elevate the blood cholesterol level. Polyunsaturated fat and certain kinds of dietary fibre lower the blood cholesterol level.

It is worth remembering that the body can make its own cholesterol so that dietary cholesterol is not an essential nutrient.

Note: In seafood, some of the sterols that were once believed to be cholesterol are actually a different kind, so the values shown in the Cholesterol Food Charts for seafood may be less than in some other references.

CHOLESTEROL INTAKE

The safe range of cholesterol intake is:
200-400 milligrams per day.


Important Basics
- Energy
- Water
- Dietary Fibre
- Protein
- Phenylalanine
- Carbohydyrate
- Fat
Cholesterol
- Saturated and Unsaturated Fat
- Alcohol

Also on this page:

-  Cholesterol intake
-  Cholesterol Charts

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CHOLESTEROL Food Charts: (Figure 46)

 

Cholesterol:
cereals/cakes

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CEREALS, BISCUITS, CAKES, DESERTS

Cholesterol milligrams per 100 grams of food

cereals%20icon

Food charts list:

cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets

 

Cholesterol:
egg & cheese
dishes

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EGG AND CHEESE DISHES

Cholesterol milligrams per 100 grams of food

 

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Cholesterol:
fats/oils

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FATS AND OILS

Cholesterol milligrams per 100 grams of food

 

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Cholesterol:
fish/seafood

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FISH AND OTHER SEAFOODS

Cholesterol milligrams per 100 grams of food

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Food charts list:

cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets

 

Cholesterol:
meats

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MEAT AND MEAT PRODUCTS

Cholesterol milligrams per 100 grams of food

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Food charts list:

cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets

 

 

 

 

Cholesterol:
milk products

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MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS

Cholesterol milligrams per 100 grams of food

 

milk-cheese%20icon

Food charts list:

cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets

 

Cholesterol:
sugars

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SUGARS, JAMS AND SPREADS

Cholesterol milligrams per 100 grams of food

 

sugars%20icon

Food charts list:

cereals, biscuits,cakes,deserts
egg and cheese dishes
fats and oils
fish and seafoods
meat and meat products
milk and milk products
sugars, jams and spreads
sweets

 

Cholesterol:
sweets

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SWEETS

Cholesterol milligrams per 100 grams of food

 

 

 

Footnotes:

* Cholesterol is not found in plant foods - cereals, fruit, nuts, and vegetables. The amount of cholesterol in food depends on the amount of animal produce used.

** Values in parenthesis are average serving sizes.

 
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